High platelet count is characterized by higher level of platelets present in the human body. The right threshold is 150,000 to 450,000 platelets per microliter of blood, and exceeding this rate can bring various symptoms of a condition called thrombocytosis or also called thrombocytosis. This number can be determined through a complete blood count.
CBC is a procedure that determines the number, type, concentration, percentage, and quality of white blood cells, red blood cells, and platelets present in the human body. Moreover, several blood tests can be done to identify the abnormal functions of these blood components, such as the low and high results and also the unusual division of cells. This procedure should take all other aspects into account before declaring the cause of the rise of platelets in the body.
Thrombocytosis occurs when the bone marrow is overproducing platelets, and its cause is often unknown. The condition called thrombocythemia can be inherited. Aside from making too many platelets, they also have abnormal function in which blood clots form anywhere in the body.
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Platelets are primarily produced in the bone marrow. These elements are also referred to as thrombocytes. The red blood cells should be higher than the platelets. People who have disease often have imbalanced numbers on the CBC results. Without yet undergoing some blood tests, how can we determine if we have a high platelet count?
Symptoms of a high-platelet count
Signs often occur when the person has elevated platelets. It is essential to observe your condition if you have the following symptoms. Make sure to report these occurrences to your doctor before they get worse. He will then perform a particular test to check your platelet level.
- Bleeding (nosebleeds, gum bleeding)
- Abnormal clotting which can lead to heart attack and stroke
- Redness of the hands and feet
- Effect of dehydration to platelet count
One factor that can affect the platelet count is the hydration status of the patient. It can significantly alter the platelet count, which can also be a sign that he has a condition. The body should contain about 75% water. This fluid travels in the blood vessels and various organs of the body.
You are at risk of dehydration when you experience the following symptoms:
- Feel thirsty
- Dryness of the mouth
- Rapid breathing
- Sunken eyes
Causes of dehydration and its effect to your platelets
Dehydration occurred when the body lost more fluids and other substances like salt and electrolytes. If it happens, the platelets become more sticky since these elements are water-soluble. Since the bone marrow continues to produce them, the other that is already in the bloodstream are clumping together. This process blocks this area and preventing the circulation of the blood.
Dehydration also happens when the number of red blood cells increases making it more concentrated while there is an overproduction of platelet at the same time. At this time, the platelets are more sticky than usual which can lead to the tin blood clots forming in the blood vessels.
Other causes of dehydration are vomiting, heavy consumption of alcohol, sweating, or prolonged exposure to higher temperatures. Diarrhea is one of its most common reasons that can sometimes be fatal when not treated immediately. Although the body will try to absorb food, diarrhea will control this method.
Burns can also cause dehydration. The fluids can leak through the tissues when the platelets are not able to quickly respond. But since the platelet count is getting high, they instead stick together easily without even reaching the affected area.
Some medications can also cause this problem to happen. Drugs such as antihistamines, antipsychotics, blood pressure medicines, and diuretics are just a few of the examples. Take note that some of these drugs can also interfere in the proper function of platelets. So make sure to check with your doctor if you are planning to take any of them to avoid any complications in your condition.
If the person has a platelet count over 750,000, some risk factors should be considered, and treatment is also needed. The treatment should vary on the symptoms or if this problem is due to an underlying cause. The doctor will check if the primary cause of high platelet count is dehydration, or they may be some reasons behind its occurrence.
It can mostly affect athletes, people who work at higher altitudes, patients with chronic illness, and children and adults who are suffering from diarrhea. It is common for people who do not drink a lot of water even after doing a physical activity that causes them to sweat. Sometimes, seizures can also be present when the electrolytes in the body totally drop.
How to avoid or treat dehydration
Water is an essential fluid that can keep you hydrated. So, if you are participating in sports or any physical activity, make sure to drink a lot of water. The body sweats during this time, so it is vital to replace the lost fluids in the body.
It is also crucial to avoid alcohol. This beverage decreases the production of platelets as well as of anti-diuretic hormone, a substance that the body needs to absorb water. You will notice that you frequently urinate when you drink alcohol. It means that the body loses more fluid than the amount it consumes.
If you are already suffering from dehydration, you can replace the lost electrolytes like potassium and sodium. You must also seek medical attention once your fever goes up to 101 degrees Fahrenheit. You must also observe if you have a decreased urine and you feel weak. In severe cases, seizures, abdominal pain, fainting, and not producing urine for 12 hours can occur. So, make sure to call a doctor as soon as all the related symptoms happen.
The doctor will also give you a medicine that will treat dehydration. He will also take some blood tests to see its effect on your platelets. While you are recovering, it is also expected that your platelet count should return to normal. It is very rare that dehydration has a long-term effect on your platelets.