Have you ever wondered why do you develop a fever after a bout of cold? Well, the fever may be the result of the effort of the white blood cells to battle any infectious microbes. So, what will happen when there is a drop in your white blood cell count? Your body may suffer from infection and become weak to small health issues. But there is nothing to worry about as this article is made for you. Keep reading to know more information.
What are white blood cells (WBC)?
White blood cells (WBCs) are commonly known as white corpuscles or leukocytes. These are considered the cellular components of blood that do not have enough hemoglobin but possess a nucleus. They are likewise motile, and their main job is to protect the body from diseases and potential infections.
White blood cells are of a range of types such as neutrophils (battle infections by ingesting microbes, including bacteria and fungi), eosinophils (fight large parasites), basophils (secrete histamine during an allergic reaction), lymphocytes (recognize viruses, release antibodies, and fight infected cells), and monocytes (ingest cell debris).
How do WBCs Help?
White blood cells are responsible for protecting our body from infections. They ingest cellular debris and foreign particles as well. They likewise facilitate the normal production of antibodies and destroy cancer cells and other infectious agents.
A drop in the number of white blood cells can happen because of several reasons. You may notice a significant increase in your WBC count during a workout routine. Nevertheless, they may drop when you take a rest.
Nevertheless, in some cases, the volume might decrease abnormally. And there could be countless factors. Take a closer look at the following:
What causes low WBCs?
WBCs are mainly produced in the bone marrow. This is a spongy tissue inside your larger bones. A low count could be a result of viral infections, cancer, congenital disorders, autoimmune disorders, medications, alcohol abuse, and poor nutrition. Here are the other causes.
- Bone marrow problems
Bone marrow, the spongy center of your bones, is the one that makes blood cells. Low counts of these cells have been associated with bone marrow problems. Being exposed to certain chemicals such as pesticides and benzene can greatly affect its performance. When you are currently on chemotherapy, the same result may take place.
Drugs like antibiotics can potentially destroy your WBCs. This is why those people who take such medicines reportedly suffer from a low count of white blood cells. Ask your doctor when to stop taking the treatment and change your lifestyle as much as possible.
Eating low levels of vitamins including B12 and folic acid can affect the normal production of WBCs. Alcohol abuse can also mess all the nutrients in the body, affecting the level of your white blood cells.
- Spleen issues
Aside from bone marrow, the spleen produces WBCs. Blood clots, infections, and other issues can make it swell and affect its overall performance, resulting in a drop of your white blood cells. So, consult a doctor ahead of time for possible treatment.
Signs and symptoms
Have you been experiencing high fever, sweating, and chills for the past few days? If that is the case, you’re suffering from a low WBC count. Others symptoms include swelling, redness, mouth sores, severe cough, shortness of breath, and a sore throat. Kindly seek assistance from a specialist as soon as possible. Take action now before your condition gets worse.
What are the WBC counts?
- Average normal range – Per microliter of blood, white blood cells range from 3,500 to 10,500.
- Low WBC count – Per microliter of blood, white blood cells are less than 4500.
- High WBC count – Per microliter of blood, WBC is more than 11,000.
When you have a low WBC count, it does not necessarily mean you are in a critical condition. If it drops so low whereby it cannot protect your body from infectious, it is a brilliant idea to seek help from a health professional. Besides, you can also take advantage of home remedies. Keep reading to find out.
How to increase white cells?
- Integrate omega-3 fatty acids into your diet
Generally speaking, dietary omega3 fatty acids can increase the production of phagocytes in the body. It is a type of white blood cells, which withstand harmful foreign entities. According to a study published in Cancer Epidemiology, Biomakers and Prevention, the levels of WBCs in female respondents who took fatty acids increased. Other studies also indicated that the use of fish oil maximizes the activity of B cells. Instead of an unhealthy diet, it is better to include flaxseed oil, walnuts, salmon, spinach, soybeans, chia seeds, and oysters in your diet. All of these foods come with a high omega-3 fatty acid.
- Green Tea
According to experts, green tea has been utilized to treat multiple ailments since ages. Green tea is rich in antioxidants that help the body fight infections. It is also loaded with epigallocatechin gallate and flavonoids, which improve immune function.
For that reason, it helps t boost WBC counts. It likewise produces germ-fighting compounds for the T-cells. To have the best results, you can drink it on a regular basis.
Garlic is beneficial for increasing enough WBC and enhancing natural killer cell activity. It is packed with sulfur, boosting immunity. A study shows that the vitamin C and antimicrobial properties in garlic make it a strong and important immune-system booster. It is also effective against the parasitic, fungal, bacterial, or viral infection.
- Fruits and vegetables
Fruits and veggies can aid the bone marrow to produce white blood cell and increase antibody because of good content of vitamin c. Every day, be sure to eat at least six servings of fruits and vegetables. Veggies containing a great amount of vitamin C include peppers, mustard greens, sprouts, broccoli, cauliflower, spinach, kale, and Brussels.
Fruits rich in vitamin C consist of strawberries, kiwi, citrus, cantaloupe, guava, and a lot more. Beta-carotene also boosts t-cells production and other infection-fighting cells. It boosts the immune system, making WBC enough. The foods that are high in beta-carotene encompass of carrots, squash, apricots, mangoes, sweet potatoes, and pumpkin.
- Nuts and seeds
Apart from vitamin C, vitamin E has been proven to make your immunity stronger than expected. It contains antioxidant properties, stimulates the production of killer cells, and destroys germs or cancer cells. It can also double the B-cells production and produces antibodies to kill bacteria.
Nuts, seeds, and vegetable oils are fully loaded with this vitamin. You can also consider almonds, sunflower seeds, broccoli, spinach, and peanut butter. However, this diet will not be easy and simple. Aside from a stressful preparation, it is very expensive. All you have to do is to try supplements. Make sure your option is safe, tested, and certified for your convenience.
- Folic Acid and Vitamins B6 or B12
Similar to others, folic acid and vitamins B6 or B12 aid and normalize white blood cells. Foods rich in B6 consist of chicken, dried nuts, bananas, turkey, and avocados. Those who are packed with folic acids include dried beans, peas, lentils, citrus fruits, asparagus, okra, broccoli, and other leafy greens. Those who are loaded with B12 include fortified breakfast cereals, clams, salmon, trout, milk, and low-fat yogurt.
If you cannot buy all these foods for your low white blood cell count treatment diet, why don’t you give supplements a try? There are affordable and reliable options that you can ever have. For recommended doses of these products suitable for your condition, consult your doctor.
- Lean protein
Another vitamin or mineral that can facilitate a significant increase in WBC is an amino acid. Mostly, it is present in high-protein foods. Without a good volume of protein intake, the body cannot produce enough count to fight off antigens. As a result, you will be more prone to many diseases.
when you have been eating lean meats, you should also try skinless poultry, seafood, and fish. Aside from that, you should consider beans, eggs, and lentils because they are also loaded with protein.
Another nutrient to incorporate into your diet is zinc. It is one of the best solutions to treat low white blood cells. Dark meat and shellfish are rich in zinc. According to a study in 2013, zinc plays a vital role in improving your health. It can support your body to double white blood cells and make the rest more aggressive.
Other foods to consider are turkey meat, crab, oysters, and beef. In addition, you can also take beans and fortified cereals into account.
Yogurt has a great content of probiotics. Because of that, it is helpful for fighting against bacteria. It also aids in stimulating the immune system and increasing the volume of white blood cells. According to experts in the profession, those who consume beverages with probiotics have higher WBCs. The reason behind is that many bad bacteria do not have the chance to nurture and develop in the digestive tract. Yogurt is also known for vitamin D, which regulates immunity and strengthens the natural defenses of the body.
Papaya is one of the excellent foods to upsurge WBC. It has the ability to double the production of lymphocytes in the body as it is rich in vitamin A. This type of white blood cell is effective to improve the immune system and withstand cancer as well.
Aside from that, the fruit is enriched with vitamin C. It has a digestive enzyme, also called as papain, that has impressive anti-inflammatory effects. Moreover, papaya is helpful to improve your health because it is an amazing source of vitamin B, folate, and potassium.
- Other citrus fruits
Do you know that citrus fruits are rich in vitamin C and antioxidants? Yes, it is true. Both of these vitamins and minerals can maximize immune function and upsurge WBC count. Citrus fruits that are available everywhere are strawberries, grapefruits, lemons, and oranges. Take either of the following on a daily basis to have a better result.
- Noni fruit
One of the primary nutrients in noni fruit is vitamin C, this is why it works so well in enhancing your immune system. It also consists of stimulating properties that double the count of B AND T lymphocytes as well. If you have a hectic schedule, purchase commercially made noni juice. Be sure to choose unsweetened option for your safety.
However, if you want to be sure, extract the juice from the fruit and take it on a daily basis.
- Lavender essential oil
Oil is a part of cooking. But many people are not cautious enough which option to buy. Instead of using unhealthy oil, direct your attention to lavender essential oil. It is often used to treat anxiety, put an end to stress, and promote a comfortable sleep. It also boosts white blood cells, enhancing your overall health or immunity.
Essential choices such as sweet almond oil, cypress oil, and tea tree oil likewise have similar effects in improving WBC count.
- Have a carotenoid-rich diet
Beta-carotene will double the number of natural and active killer cells. Having a powerful antioxidant, it can clean up nasty free radicals, eliminating the risk of potential damage or premature aging.
Different studies show that foods with beta-carotene can avoid a heart attack, hypertension, and stroke. Instead of eating super white rice, try the brown own. Plus, include avocado, salmon, oil, and nuts into your lifestyle.
- Take selenium
Selenium can build up white blood cells according to the University of Maryland Medical Center. Other studies also show that selenium may aid to prevent infections. When the time comes that you need to buy online or offline, verify whether the product manufacturer of your choice is reliable or trustworthy.
There you go the list about low white blood cell count treatment diet! At first, it is hard to incorporate such diets into your lifestyle. But think of your health. It is all about mind-setting. By being passionate and positive, you can achieve a healthy and fulfilling life!