For us individuals, the idea of maintaining the normal platelet count range had become so important. No matter who you are, young or adult, having a normal platelet count is something we should watch out for ourselves. We will show you later the platelet count range chart so you can fully understand the normal platelet level your blood requires and which condition you fall.
Why Are Platelets Important?
Perhaps some of you don’t know what platelets are. In simple terms, they are the blood components that possess a significant role in blood clotting. Blood clotting is an essential function of the body that happens during the onset of the bleeding. Platelets, in another term, are also called as thrombocytes. Having a low platelet count range could be risky, though it can be mild at some point. For a more serious condition or severe circumstance, having a low platelet could lead to the death of a person.
The platelets are the cells, which circulated with the blood and then bind together once they recognized a damaged blood vessel. For example, you get wounded, the platelets will bind together to the location where the damage is found, thereby creating a blood clot. The evolutionary reason why they are found there is that they want the bleeding of the wound to stop.
A Healthy and Normal Platelet Count
A healthy or normal platelet count will range from 150,000 – 450,000 platelets per microliter of the blood. If you have low or more than that count range, it can already be considered as a condition. Having lower platelet count than 150,000 is called as thrombocytopenia, whereas a higher platelet count than 450,000 is called as thrombocytosis. For you to know your platelet count, you have to undergo a complete blood test (CBC) routine.
Further reading: What factor stimulates platelet formation?
Thrombocytopenia vs. Thrombocytosis
Many of the platelet count range chart will show you the low, normal, and high platelet count. When we say normal platelet count, it is the desirable number of platelet our blood should contain. But when we speak above the low and high platelet count range, they can already be considered a disorder or condition. Let us differentiate the difference between having a low platelet count and high platelet count.
Low platelets count is also called as thrombocytopenia. It is happening if your platelet count drops to a lower level than the usual count. Women are the ones usually diagnosed with a platelet condition during their pregnancy, as they are required to have a screening procedure as part of the clinical blood cell evaluation.
A variety of factor can cause the physiological reduction in platelets, and they are mainly related to increased platelet consumption or destruction, increased platelet aggregation, and hemodilution or decreased blood concentration. Not only pregnant women can be the target of thrombocytopenia, but also those have an infection, bacteria in the blood, induced with drugs, bone marrow infiltration, portal hypertension, liver disease, blood cancer, and much more.
But, on the other hand, if the platelet count rises to the normal level, which could also happen to anyone, the condition can be medically called as thrombocytosis. There are two types of thrombocytosis – the essential or primary thrombocytosis and the secondary thrombocytosis. The essential or primary thrombocytosis can happen if the abnormal cells in your bone marrow are causing to increase platelets with the unidentified reason. The secondary thrombocytosis is the same condition as the primary thrombocytosis, however, can be a cause of an ongoing condition or a disease like anemia, inflammation, infection, or cancer.
If there are symptoms, they will include a spontaneous blood clotting in your legs or arms, which when left untreated earlier may lead to stroke or heart attack. Thus, a big chance of death can also be possible like thrombocytopenia. In a more severe case, the patients might be required to undergo a certain medical procedure called as “Platelet Pheresis.” This procedure will help the patient lower the platelet count. It will remove the blood, separate the platelets out, and then return the blood cells to the patient’s body.
As with the secondary thrombocytosis, possible symptoms usually relate to the associated condition. For instance, if the patient has anemia or infection, all you have to do is to give treatment to that certain condition. Once they are well, the platelet count will soon to run low.
Regardless of which condition you are under, thrombocytopenia or thrombocytosis, both can be regarded as disorders. They can develop different means as the result that comes out from varying factors, such as genetics, medical condition, and even drug intake.
It can be a terrifying situation to encounter a sudden or uncontrollable gushing of blood out from the gums, nose, and other openings found in the body. And unfortunately, it may happen with an extremely low platelet count range. So before this thing happens, it is better to manage your platelet count immediately. Perhaps this endeavor can be costly to you, but there are inexpensive options available to help you with the healing process. The options like all-natural remedies and regular check-up with the doctors can truly help manage your platelet count, and get back the normal blood functions in the body, which will eventually, give you a normal life.
Normal Platelet Count Range Chart
It is important for every one of us to make sure that we have a normal platelet count range. If you happen to see a decreased level, you need to familiarize yourself with the ways on how you can effectively increase your platelet count, get it back to normal, and have full control of it. One of the best ways to start with the treatment is to seek medical advice, as the doctors fully understand what kind of situation you are dealing with. Also, they know what appropriate treatment is best for you. Thrombocytopenia may require you different treatment procedure, and differential diagnosis will also be done with thrombocytosis.
As what we have said earlier, the best way to know your blood count, including the platelet count is to have a complete blood test (CBC). The blood samples taken from you will be placed in different series of procedures. This will give you the answer if your platelet count is low, normal or high. You have to understand the platelet count range chart, so you will know which level your platelet belongs. See the chart below and know if you have thrombocytopenia, thrombocytosis, or you are normal.
Platelet Count Range
|Thrombocytosis||400,000 – above|
|Normal||150,000 – 400,000|
|Mild Thrombocytopenia||100,000 – 150,000|
|Moderate Thrombocytopenia||10,000- 50,000|
|Severe Thrombocytopenia||50,000 – 30,000|
|Thrombocytopenia||30,000 – 10,000|
Here is the explanation for this platelet count range chart.
- When you see you have 400,000 or more platelet per microliter of blood, you may be more likely to have thrombocytosis.
- The normal platelet count range is the non-pregnant person is 150,000 to 400,000 of platelets per microliter of blood. Thrombocytopenia is defined when you have platelet count lower than 150,000.
- With the counts mentioned 100,000 to 150,000 platelet per microliter of blood, it indicates that you have mild thrombocytopenia.
- Lower than 50,000 of platelet per microliter of blood shows that you have severe thrombocytopenia.
- The clinically significant bleeding is usually limited to the patients with a platelet count lower than 10,000 of platelet per microliter of blood.
- Any serious bleeding complications can be rare, even to those who have severe thrombocytopenia.
- Excessive bleeding that is associated with trauma or operation is not common unless the platelet count of the patient is lower than 50,000 platelet per microliter of blood.
- The mean count of your platelet if you are pregnant is less than to those who are not.
Have a regular check-up and see which level your platelet belongs. It is important to know at the early stage of the condition to find out what treatment or solution is proper for you.
The dropping of platelet count happens when there is something that prevents it from producing an adequate amount in the blood. Some of the symptoms will include bruising, as well as frequent bleeding from nose, gums or GI tract. There are several causes why mild to severe thrombocytopenia and thrombocytosis exits. The abnormal platelet count can happen because of the intake of certain medication, an inherited condition, too much alcohol intake, kidney dysfunction or infection, chemotherapy treatment for cancers leukemia, lymphoma, and others.
You have to be wary of the medications you regularly intake and be vigilant about your current conditions.
Also See : How do platelets aid in the healing of cuts?
Medical Issues that Negatively Affect Your Platelet Count Range
Whether you have a high platelet count or a low platelet level, it is important to understand if what medical issues negatively place you beyond your normal platelet count range. Pregnancy can be one, especially if the mother didn’t take proper caring of herself. Next is blood with bacteria, which cause the demolition of platelets.
Another is the dengue fever, which can cause to excessively lower your platelet count range. If remain untreated, death for the patient is possible. Include also the Gray Platelet Syndrome (GPS), which is an inherited medical disorder that causes a disturbance in the normal count range of your platelets. Others that affect the normal platelet count range are asthma, malaria, aplastic anemia, babesiosis, cancer/chemotherapy, and much more.
Be Aware and Maintain a Healthy Platelet Count
Up to date, many people are still reeling from the different misconceptions regarding the normal platelet count, which they should be aware of. We can’t give assumptions and think that the number of platelet counts will depend on the body type of a person. There are various blood tests available, including CBC that we can undergo, so we can accurately find out the right level of platelets we have in our blood.
However, our platelets should not be lightly taken the same to the other blood components. If you are suspecting any disturbances in your condition, which platelet is concerned, you have to seek medical advice from the professionals to help you confirm if you have thrombocytopenia, thrombocytosis, or everything is just normal.
As what you have seen in the platelet count range chart, the numbers that play between 150,000 and 400,000 are quietly expanded and spacious, meaning anything in between can be considered normal. However, if you are above or under the normal level, you might have a platelet imbalance, which can be risky and dangerous. It may affect your body in different ways once remain untreated at the first stage of the appearance.
An adequate amount of awareness and knowledge are vital to help maintain a normal platelet count range. Hence, the doctors are emphasizing to the patients about the idea of undergoing a regular check-up to assess their condition and find out if there is something in the blood that may affect their daily lives.
Also, you have to keep in mind that a proper intake of foods, fruits, and vegetables, as well as required fluids, are important to help aid the condition. Don’t take the things so lightly. Instead, you have to be vigilant of the situation you are dealing with, especially when blood is concerned. Health is wealth. If you commit yourself to regular check-ups, you can immediately figure things out and see if anything goes wrongs in your health. Allow yourself to benefit the opportunity to take proper treatment. Ask your doctor about it.
Keep Track of Your Platelet Count
Our platelet count range chart has it. A certain individual can inherit too many platelets, abnormally functioning platelets, low platelets, and other related conditions like blood clotting, strokes, and even heart attacks. If there is a connection within your family, it is better to alert your physician.
Even you feel fine, and there is no sign of condition in your body, your doctor may be more likely to keep an eye on you. They will investigate and assess whether or not you need to have medication so you can reduce the functioning of your platelets and gain back the normal level.