Due to the various activities that men should do each day, they need to have a healthy body to boost their performance. Even if platelets are the smallest particles of the blood, these elements play a significant factor in the health of humans. Together with the other components of the blood, it helps the body in many physiological processes to survive.
Structure of platelets
Platelets are characterized as elements of the blood with a disc shape. They spread their tentacles to clump together and cover the holes of the wound. They are fragments of the bone marrow known as megakaryocytes. It means that these elements, along with the other types of blood cells, are produced in these spongy tissues locate inside the bones. Their primary function is to prevent bleeding.
As the megakaryocytes grow, the fragmentation also occurs to release over a thousand platelets. This development is controlled by thrombopoietin, a glycoprotein type of hormone that is produced by the kidneys and liver that helps regulate the production of platelets.
Platelets also have granules that collect other types of proteins which are required for sealing the blood vessels. These proteins help the platelets to change their shape as they receive signals from the vessels. Thus, they become sticky which is a crucial process during blood clotting. Platelets are named “plate” due to their shape. But as soon as they receive chemical signals, they quickly turn into round elements with long filaments similar to an octopus.
They are too small and can only be seen using a microscope. They are described as fragments of cells that contained many structures to control the bleeding. They have proteins on their surface that allows them to stick together and cover the broken walls of the blood vessels.
The average platelet count for men is between 150,000 to 450,000 per microliter of blood. But what will happen if the human’s body doesn’t reach this threshold or there is too much of it? These are the three major conditions that best describe the situation when a person experiences an abnormal platelet count.
High platelet count
Having too many platelets may be a rare condition. However, it can increase the risk of blood clots that can occur on sensitive parts of the body such as brain and intestinal tract. This disorder is called thrombocytosis. It could lead to several problems like heart attack and stroke. In this case, the platelets plug on the blood vessels instead of circulating in the bloodstream. Therefore, the blood cannot travel going to the heart also to pump oxygen which can be fatal for humans.
Low platelet count
Too low level of platelets also has consequences in the health of people. This condition is called thrombocytopenia. It can have many causes such as the use of medications, pregnancy, bone marrow disorder, splenic disorder, and other diseases that leads the body to produce fewer platelets.
It can also be a cause of the increased destruction of these elements. The bone marrow produces a sufficient amount of them, but the antibodies destroy them as they circulate in the bloodstream. It may be due to autoimmune disease, infection, or malfunction of the immune system.
Abnormal platelet function
Taking aspirin can be potentially dangerous to the platelets. This drug can affect the role of these elements by preventing them from sticking together. It is why this medicine is often recommended for patients with blood clotting disorder. It prevents the platelets from obstructing the way of the blood going to the heart. It can be dangerous for people to take aspirin when they have a risk of bleeding.
So, what can be done to prevent the problems in the platelets? In general, improving your health and lifestyle is the key. Sometimes, diseases can be due to poor diet. Processed meat, sugary food, and unhealthy fats are found in foods that cause illness. It is essential to have a healthy diet plan based on your condition and body’s needs.
Get started by slowly opting for healthy foods like green, leafy vegetables, and fruits. You should know the right kinds of minerals that your body should take if you have a low platelet count. Canola oil, spinach, legumes, kale, grains, nuts, broccoli, and seaweeds are excellent sources of platelet-boosting nutrients.
On the other hand, there are also foods that are suitable for people with high platelet count. Examples are raw garlic, gingko biloba, ginseng, omega-3 rich foods, pomegranate, mushrooms, zucchini, radish, mushrooms, and berries.
Whether you have a low or high platelet count, you should avoid eating hydrogenated trans-fats which can produce free radicals that harm the cells and tissues of the body. If possible, reduce the consumption of deep-fried, starchy, sugary, frozen, and sprayed food products. You can opt for organic eggs, vegetables, and fruits to ensure they are free from chemicals.
The destruction of platelet and its abnormal function can also be due to the chemicals that spread in the environment. These toxins destroy the cells and platelets. Avoid using sprays and substances because they can release carbon dioxide that can weaken your immune system.
Besides, keep yourself hydrated by drinking a lot of fluids in a day. It promotes best health practices regardless of your condition. Water has cleansing properties that remove the toxins out of the body.
Another additional tip is to seek for your doctor’s prescription before taking any drugs. Consulting an expert is essential to make sure that you are receiving the right dosage and appropriate medicine that will not interfere with your body’s physiological processes. Even over-the-counter drugs may have side effects that your body can’t tolerate.
Platelets are crucial in one of the body’s fundamental processes, which is blood clotting. Too much or too few of it can provide various diseases that can be risky to our health. So, if you want to improve the functions of your body systems, make sure to start it from yourself. A healthy lifestyle will not only prevent chronic illnesses but will even enhance the function of your platelets.